Getting a divorce midlife – is it the sex?
Last month, I wrote an article on “grey divorces” and how getting a divorce might be caused, in part, by a different attitude toward the second half of life.
If one half of a partnership is ready to take up advanced couch surfing while the other is more interested in actual surfing, accommodating both might take more flexibility than the marriage has left.
That explanation, while interesting, felt incomplete. Relationships fail for many reasons, probably as many reasons – and combinations of reasons – as there are failed relationships.
But there was one biggie that came up again and again in research and conversations: sex.
According to Jessa, about 20 percent of people are in “sexless” marriages, meaning they have sex fewer than 10 times per year. Of the remaining couples, about 25 percent have sex less than once a week.
“There isn’t a ‘right’ amount of sex to have,” Jessa says, “but it’s common for couples to struggle with sexual problems and concerns over sexual frequency. Anecdotally, in my practice, sex is a common area of conflict and concern. And it’s frequently cited as the main reason they are seeking therapy and a big part of why they may divorce.”
But it’s also a chicken-and-egg problem, Jessa tells me. “Has sex fallen off because of other relationship dynamics and resentment? Or have the spouses grown distant and unhappy because sex has fallen off? It’s impossible to separate sex from the rest of the relationship. No matter where it started, though, once a couple has grown distant and both physical and sexual intimacy have diminished, they are more likely to end the relationship.”
So, let’s say the relationship is otherwise fine, but intercourse is off the table (so to speak) because of physical limitations or pain? What can couples do to keep the closeness and sexiness if they aren’t able to have sex?
This is a big part of her couples therapy, Jessa says, and it begins by widening our definition of “sex.” It doesn’t have to be limited to penetration to “count.”
“My definition of sex is that it’s the physical expression of our innate drives for love, intimacy, and pleasure. That means any pleasurable physical intimacy between partners counts as sex. I encourage people to find ways to touch and be touched that each finds pleasing. If one person wants sexual stimulation and the other wants their hair brushed or their feet rubbed, they can participate in pleasure with each other. It is so important to open up your idea of what sex is and what it’s for; it takes the pressure off the couple and allows them to find intimacy and pleasure in new, flexible ways.”
There can be a variety of reasons this happens, like stress caused by problems with children or job issues.
If you do have some sort of medical-related issue, you may need to speak with a doctor. A declining libido does occur with age, but it should be gradual. If it’s all of a sudden, there is likely some other cause. It could be a decrease in serum testosterone, something not uncommon in menopausal women.
It will be important to speak openly with your doctor in order to solve the issue. A good doctor to point you to over-the-counter lubricants for discomfort due to menopause and hormone treatments to counter any imbalances. Prescription-compounded testosterone is something that can be tried, but it needs to be monitored to avoid side effects.
But what if you’re not postmenopause? “There is also Addyi,” suggests Dr. Akright. “It’s an oral prescription medication that is helpful for premenopausal women who are struggling with a decrease in libido.” However, we suggest that before you try any drug, you try a bit of rigorous daily exercise (if you don’t already) and perhaps taking a relaxing vacation with your partner.
In keeping with our chicken/egg metaphor, sex can also be the canary in the coal mine. When a partner begins distancing themselves physically, it can be a sign of withdrawal from the relationship, not just the bedroom.
What are the signs to look out for, I ask Jessa. How can you catch the decline early enough to fix things if fixing is possible?
A withdrawal from sex is definitely something to talk about, Jessa says, but it’s not the only sign something’s wrong. Others can include:
“This shows up as assuming the worst about your spouse, attributing ill intent,” says Jessa. “It’s focusing on the negative things about your partner and neglecting to see the positive. Couples get in trouble when they forget why they fell in love in the first place, harping on the things they don’t like about each other.”
“It’s a problem when people won’t be honest with each other. Couples in trouble have often stopped communicating about what’s bothering them. They are allowing resentment to build or distance to grow without being proactive to address it. Or, they communicate the problem but refuse to have the conversations they need to really resolve the issue. They may blame each other, criticize, or inflame, but they don’t own their part of the dynamic, and they aren’t in a process to get to the bottom of their issues.”
Says Jessa, “It’s unfortunate how mean people can be to each other. They will often treat their spouses in ways they would never treat friends or co-workers. From bickering and pettiness to outright cruelty, people say and do things they know will hurt their partner.”
So what do you do if this is you? Talk. Find a Jessa and commit to the process of working through your issues. It may be awkward and uncomfortable, especially when it comes to sexual function. Still, the right therapist can help you keep the focus on the relationship and not on assigning blame.
So, let’s say you’re happy, you’re satisfied, and you’re compatible sexually and in your approach to midlife. How do you stay together when so many relationships around you are falling apart?
If your relationship is happy and has been for a number of years, chances are you’re already doing what you need to do. But even good relationships take work, so Jessa gives us three tips to ensure your happy partnership stays that way.
“Marriage is like a garden; it needs tending,” Jessa says. “Continue to spend quality time together. Make sex and intimacy a priority. Don’t let yourself get so comfortable you don’t water and weed the garden, letting it fall into disrepair.”
This can be a tough one; Jessa acknowledges: “When things are going well, it can be hard to bring negativity into the relationship. People avoid talking about difficult things because they don’t want to spoil the good feelings they’ve been having with their partner. But it’s crucial that a couple maintain open and honest communication, especially about the hard things. If you stop talking and start hiding things that are bothering you, resentment and distance will grow.”
My personal favorite: a healthy, supportive partnership is worth celebrating! Says Jessa, “Recognize that you have something special. Enjoy every moment. Don’t take it for granted because life brings changes, one way or another. Be grateful for what you have and express that to each other.”
Sex and intimacy are so hard to separate, we often use the latter as a softer “code” word for the former. But the link is real. Physical touch is critical to a healthy relationship, whether that’s foot rubs or foreplay. Ultimately, how a couple defines intimacy and satisfaction is entirely up to them – as long as both parties agree.
So, openly communicate about what gives you pleasure, what you love about your partner, and how important the relationship is to you – it doesn’t get much sexier than that.