Over the past year, you may have heard about a new weight loss drug called Ozempic. Ozempic is a brand name for semaglutide, a medication used primarily to treat type 2 diabetes. However, recent studies have shown that it can also be an effective treatment for weight loss in people who are overweight or obese. Let’s explore what Ozempic is, how it works, and its potential benefits and risks.
What is Ozempic?
Ozempic is a type of medication known as a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist. It is a synthetic version of a hormone called glucagon-like peptide-1, which is naturally produced by the body in response to food intake. GLP-1 stimulates insulin secretion and reduces glucagon secretion, which helps lower blood sugar levels.
What’s troubling is that recent research has found that weight loss treatments like Ozempic and Wegovy begin to lose their effectiveness after around 60 weeks, resulting in a weight loss plateau. “Initially, with weight loss, when you significantly decrease energy intake, the body will get energy needs through other sources such as glycogen. This triggers weight loss. Over time, as you lose weight, your metabolism will slow down to compensate,” said Dr. Jason Ng, an endocrinologist at the University of Pittsburgh, according to Medical News Today. The solution to that goes back to basics: eat less and increase physical activity.
With this realization, experts suggest you think less about the number on the scale when trying to attain better health and more about how you feel and how your clothes fit. Again, this goes back to a healthier eating plan and a more active lifestyle.
Ozempic’s Rise in Popularity
There have been reports of celebrities using Ozempic for weight loss, which has contributed to a surge in demand for the medication. As a result, there has been a shortage of Ozempic in the United States, with some pharmacies reporting that they are unable to keep the medication in stock. This shortage has caused frustration among patients who rely on Ozempic for their diabetes treatment and weight loss efforts.
The shortage is partly due to the fact that Ozempic is a relatively new medication that has gained popularity quickly. The manufacturer, Novo Nordisk, has struggled to keep up with the demand for the medication. In addition, disruptions in supply chains and manufacturing operations have further complicated the production and distribution of Ozempic.
How Does Ozempic Work for Weight Loss?
Ozempic is administered by subcutaneous injection, which means that the medication is injected into the fatty tissue just under the skin. It works by mimicking the action of GLP-1 in the body. It binds to GLP-1 receptors in the brain, pancreas, and gut, which helps to regulate blood sugar levels and reduce appetite. When the medication is taken, it can help to slow down the emptying of food from the stomach, which leads to a feeling of fullness and reduces the urge to eat.
In addition to reducing appetite, Ozempic also helps increase the body’s sensitivity to insulin, improving blood sugar control in people with diabetes. Improved blood sugar control can lead to reduced insulin resistance, which can help to facilitate weight loss.
What Are the Potential Weight Loss Benefits?
The potential benefits of Ozempic for weight loss are significant. In a clinical trial involving over 1,900 overweight or obese adults, those who took Ozempic lost an average of 15% of their body weight over the course of a year. This is a significant amount of weight loss, especially for people who have previously struggled with weight loss.
Other potential benefits of Ozempic for weight loss include improvements in blood sugar control, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels. These improvements can positively impact overall health and reduce the risk of developing other health conditions associated with obesity, such as heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes.
What Are the Potential Risks?
Like all medications, Ozempic comes with potential risks and side effects. The most common side effects include nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, and constipation. These side effects are usually mild and go away on their own, but some people may experience more severe side effects that require medical attention.
There is also a risk of developing pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) while taking Ozempic. Symptoms of pancreatitis include severe abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. If you experience these symptoms while taking Ozempic, seek medical attention immediately.
Another potential risk is the development of thyroid tumors. This risk was observed in animal studies, but whether the same risk applies to humans is unclear. If you have a history of thyroid cancer or thyroid nodules, you should discuss the potential risks with your doctor.
Who is a Candidate for Ozempic for Weight Loss?
Ozempic is typically prescribed for people who have a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher or a BMI of 27 or higher with at least one weight-related health condition, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or type 2 diabetes. It is also important to note that it is not a magic solution for weight loss and should be combined with a healthy diet and regular exercise.
Before prescribing Ozempic for weight loss, your doctor will likely perform a thorough medical evaluation to determine if the medication is appropriate for you. This may include a review of your medical history, a physical exam, and blood tests to check your blood sugar levels and kidney function. It is also important to note that Ozempic is not recommended for use in pregnant or breastfeeding women, as the effects of the medication on a developing fetus or newborn are unknown.
How Much Does Ozempic Cost?
The cost can vary depending on several factors, such as the dosage and the length of treatment. Without insurance, a 1-month supply of Ozempic can range from $800 to $1,000. However, many insurance plans cover it, and some patients may be eligible for financial assistance programs through the manufacturer. Check with your insurance and healthcare providers to determine the cost of Ozempic and any available financial assistance options.
Replicating Ozempic through Nutrition
According to an article in Science Alert, certain foods may have a similar effect to Ozempic in promoting weight loss and improving blood sugar control. Simple sugars, peptides, amino acids from proteins, and short-chain fatty acids can also trigger the secretion of GLP-1. Foods that are energy-dense, high in fat or sugars with low water content, tend to be rich in these nutrients. By choosing foods high in these nutrients, you can increase GLP-1 levels, leading to weight loss and improved blood sugar control. Healthy foods such as avocados, nuts, and eggs, which are high in good fats or lean protein, can stimulate GLP-1 secretion. Fermentable fibers in vegetables and whole grains feed gut bacteria, which then produce short-chain fatty acids that can also trigger GLP-1 secretion.
While these foods may have some similar effects, it is important to note that they are not a replacement for the medication. Ozempic works by mimicking the action of a hormone in the body, which is not replicated by simply eating certain foods. However, incorporating these foods into a healthy diet can be a safe and effective way to promote weight loss and improve blood sugar control.
The Bottom Line
It is important to be aware that Ozempic is not a quick fix for weight loss. It takes time and effort to achieve and maintain a healthy weight, and there are no guarantees that the medication will work for everyone. Ozempic users should continue making healthy lifestyle choices, such as eating a healthy diet and engaging in regular physical activity, to achieve and maintain weight loss.